How the qualification works at F1: The Full Guide - a running stop (2023)

When most motor sports experience a decreasing public size, Formula 1 preserved its attraction and significantly increased its number of viewers, this expanding its international attraction, constantly changing car designs to achieve more competitive races and therefore, therefore,excite the qualification sessions.

In a conventional weekend, the qualification process with free exercise sessions on Fridays and Saturdays.

Formula -1 management made great efforts to maintain interest through free practices and qualifications on Friday and Saturday. For this end, he also added Sprint's style of qualification to the mixture on Saturday, there are two races, one on Saturdayand the main thing on Sunday.

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The F1 Qualification Process

The activities of each team during a running weekend aim for a competitive prize on Sunday.

The teams work three exercise sessions and three degrees in normal format sessions to prepare and guarantee the ideal position in the initial network.

A new classification format was tested in 2021 and was recorded in 2022. The running format is called and participates in the equipment.

Sprint's format contains two exercise sessions.

  • The first (FP1) will take place on Friday at +-12h00, followed by two qualification sessions in the afternoon.
  • The second happens on Saturday morning, with the qualified sprint that happens later one day.

The qualification of the normal format meeting

The process includes meetings on Friday and Saturday before the big Sunday event on a normal qualification weekend.

A weekend where qualification meetings are usually (that is, it is not the qualification of Sprint) consists of three training sessions and three qualification sessions.

The first two training sessions will be held on Friday.

The third training session and the three qualification meetings will be held on Saturday.

Free Exercise Session (FP1)

Some races happen followed, which means that the races are followed on sequential weekends.

In these cases, cars break on Sunday (usually in eight hours), loaded and transported to the next place of the event and joined to train on Friday.

With so much work in the car, FP1 is a very important test.

The first round of FP1 is known as the installation round and is an opportunity for the driver and the engineer to ensure that everything came back together without any problem.

The equipment can only try the car and all changes in the route during the officially prescribed test sets. Equipment limits to try new modifications during relatively short exercise sessions.

For this reason, the equipment usually uses the FP1 to test new air devices or other test units. During the wind tunnels in the factory, this is the option to try them in real conditions.

As these new pieces are not tested, they are carefully tested before they are used in the car when the times return are critical.

The equipment begins with a controlled round session, whereby the UN modified car is established at speeds, curve and times in general.

Formula -1 car is returned to the garage and changes are installed.

The driver (sometimes a dedicated test driver) takes the car on the track and drives the vehicle as identical as possible as the first round of taxes.

After each test time, the cars are returned to the garage, the lids are deleted and the test data is verified.

Performance, acting and return times are compared to the control round. If there is no improvement or regression, the equipment eliminates updates and returns the car to the previous configuration.

If it is a new race track, p.

It will also look for the ideal driving line without exceeding the boundaries of the track.

Free Practice Meeting (FP2)

While FP1 is used to adjust the car, try new modifications and make the driver know the route, the FP2 is used to finish the vehicle for the real race on Sunday.

Cars are sent on the right track during different lengths. The vehicle ends in the garage and the performance data is analyzed.

Cars can be established among individual sessions. Drivers will be informed of which areas should be concentrated and sent again.

The whole goal is to make the car with the ideal structure for different conditions and tires as soon as possible, which are used in the classification and finally in the main prize.

When the car is on the track, the digital recorder constantly writes data (including maximum speeds, braking effects, curves and others). When the car goes to the box box, the system automatically carries the data on the computer equipment.

The equipment has a detailed understanding of car performance and allows them to evaluate which areas need more finification before the driver returns to the garage.

With data and controllers for spit feedback, engineers can establish suspension geometries and/or aerodynamic furniture.

Although smaller adjustments are usually made between FP1, FP2 and FP3 in the session, engineers can make significant changes if necessary.

Since each track has different properties, not only with the design of the circuit, but also with the superficial layer of the range and the heat uses FP1 and FP2 equipment use to monitor fuel consumption, engine temperatures and tire wear.

Cars should be performed for longer sessions to check the necessary configuration when the tires are fresh and the running car is loaded with fuel instead of the posterior breed if the fuel levels are lower (and therefore, therefore, therefore, therefore,lighter) and the tires are not in an ideal condition.

The ideal tire operating window is in certain thermal bands.

The ideal situation would be for tires to warm rapidly and then remain throughout the running at the ideal temperature. All variables mean that there is rarely a perfect prayer of conditions.

Teams have a very advanced simulation of algorithms that help them predict rats and the ideal tire strategy for the next race.

Free Exercise Meeting Three (FP3)

While FP1 and FP2 are concentrated on the correct adjustment of the car, testing new devices and understanding mining rates, FP3 is used to determine the best classification strategy for application.

Decisions during FP3 include

If the best round is achieved with a trailer

It will decide whether it is ideal to get an aerodynamic front trailer (which helps you decide when the ideal time to release it from the well).

Teams will develop the ideal time to publish in the lanes, where a trailer is an advantage.

The opposite can be true, and many cars that leave wells together cause traffic traffic jams.

The necessary amount of fuel

It will also use the FP3 to calculate the minimum amount of fuel (to keep the car as easy as possible), necessary to drive the car into the various qualification rounds.

Ideal tires

The difference in tire performance depends directly on the tire used in a session.

While the soft connection usually reaches the best return time, teams have only one specific task for the weekend.

Therefore, it would not be practical to use the soft tire for each qualified session.

Number of qualification rounds

One of the most important F1 teams you need to fight is the condition of the track.

It is not just F1 car tires that change temperature during a session.

When the route is heated and the rubber is deposited, it improves viability after a certain point where it can be too heated.

FP3 helps teams decide how many races can be made at each session.

Park Park

As soon as exercise sessions are over and teams begin to qualify, cars enter a state called Parc Ferm.

The ten fastest cars that reached the third quarter are sent to the exam, where they are checked to ensure that they do not affect regulations.

It will then be returned to the garages of the equipment, where a member of the FIA is used to ensure that parking conditions are preserved.

It is a French term and the direct translation to the English ferme is "Park Farm." It is clear that cars need to perform the main race in the same configuration during the main prize.

While the equipment can

  • Start the engines.
  • Remove fuel and recharge.
  • Vehicle electronics test.
  • Blood the brakes.
  • Liquid fluids.
  • And even remove the body and change the angle from the front wing.
  • Teams may even rebuild a damaged car (though with punishments).

Cars can only perform or updates after the main race.

Qualification Session 1 (Q1)

Qualification meetings start in the afternoon, last an hour and are divided into three parts, namely Q1, Q2 and Q3.

Q1 starts with 20 cars that hold qualification sessions and the session lasts eighteen minutes.

In general, each team will make two attempts to ensure that it remains in dispute for the next meeting.

Each three circuits attempt is performed around the route. The reasons for these circuits are.

  • The output round will work at a slower speed and it is your goal to load the tires and brakes at an ideal temperature. The driver focuses on leaving the last corner before crossing the start line as soon as possible to cross as fast start the high speed round at the highest possible speed.
  • The real high speed round is managed as soon as temperatures are reached.
  • The lap is a photo of "slowdown" with which the car cools and returns to the wells.

At the end of each session, photos are obtained. All drivers who passed the exit line in front of the flag can occur with the lap, but drivers who have not reached the line need to face.

The five slowest cars are eliminated at the end of the first quarter.

The five slower cars are placed in positions from 16 to 20 (according to the work sheet classification) in the starting rack for the big prize the next day.

Qualification Session Two (Q2)

After a seven -minute break, the fifteen fastest teams lasted fifteen minutes in the second quarter.

Once again, they make only two attempts and, as in the first quarter, the five slowest cars are eliminated at the end of the session.

The five slowest cars are placed in 11 to 15 positions (according to the desktop classification) in the starting rack for the big prize the next day.

In the second quarter and second quarter, the goal is not necessarily to break the rounds, but make sure they are faster than the five slowest teams.

TRES Qualification Session (Q3)

After a short seven -minute break, the final classification session (Q3) begins, which lasts ten minutes.

The ten fastest cars are usually sent in a new set of tires for FP3.

The ten -quarter ten -minute session is the highlight of the three free training sessions and the two previous qualification sessions. Well, and the fastest drivers will be responsible for the Grand Prix network on Sunday and will have the biggest strategic advantage inMain race.

In recent years, the teams that have arrived at FP3 have had to start the tire's big prize, so they reached the fastest time at FP2. FIA eliminated this rule by 2022.

Due to the short period of time, the teams will only do two sessions.

The first rounds of Q3 that run are usually fast, but not totally nervous. It's known as a "banker".

It is also established because the second attempt is performed at maximum speeds and directly at the edge of the car's functions.

The second round is usually the fastest recordings and if (if possible) is broken.

No matter how quickly the Q1 and Q2 driver was. If you don't reach your objective time in the third quarter, it will be seriously affected.

In addition to the drivers that have been fined, the qualification meetings will determine their initial network position.

Drivers who have caused punishments will move their network positions to the rear according to the size of the punishment.

Sanctions can be issued under the following conditions.

  • The driver disabled the progress of another car.
  • The driver committed a security violation.
  • The driver did not correspond to the yellow flag (light) or the instructions of a marshal.
  • The driver entered or left the boxes dangerously.

Sprint Format Qualification Meeting

In 2021 and 2022, FIA tested a new classification format. The purpose was to increase the emotion of the viewer.

The new format includes the execution of the FP1 meeting on Friday morning.

The first quarter sessions, Q2 and Q3 are held on Friday afternoon and decide the starting network of the Sprint session.

FP2 is operated on Saturday morning.

Sprint's career will take place on Saturday afternoon. FIA defines the Sprint race route as "the smallest amount of complete rounds that exceed 100 km".

It is intended to be a very fast sprint race from start to finish, without boxes, unless this is necessary.

In 2022, Sprint races take place in the following Grand Prix:

  • Emily Romines Grande Award in Icola.
  • The Austrian Grand Prix in Red Bull Ring.
  • Word of Word Gran Gran Award in Interlagos.

The final order in the Sprint race determines the start of the main Sunday Grand Prix.

How the qualification works at F1: The Full Guide - a running stop (1)

A typical formula on a weekend

The week before the Grand Prix, he is full and includes a series of FIA, teams and well -owned Hippodrome's large and well -coordinated events.

Car transportation

The equipment needs to transport two high quality running cars and more than 200 tons of equipment and spare parts on running slopes before the event.

Each article that the equipment needs on the route, from the equipment wall set, the equipment equipment and the replacement engines to the smallest nut, should be carefully packed and tracked in pallets and sent to the steps.

Some teams send part of the air load and part of the sea when the race is outside Europe.

When races are made in Europe, cars and equipment are sent on specialized specialized trucks.

If the race is on another continent or not practical to carry the cargo on the street, DHL offers seven Boeing 747 charges to all teams.

Regardless of whether the load travels the air, the sea or the earth, it must be synchronized to reach the track on Monday before the weekend of the race.

Car preparation

Once everything is together on the route, the preparation begins.

In addition to the classification and organization of electric vehicles, catering devices, refrigerators, stoves, consumption motifs, tire movements, tables and chairs, you should also build garage panels, IT equipment, communication infrastructure and the entire wall wholefrom the mine.

Cars (two cars and a replacement chassis) should be unzipped by specially designed frames.

After running, hundreds of car parts are removed and return to the factory to perform tests.

The car is completely dismantled on its mere transport chassis.

  • The engine is removed.
  • The equipment is eliminated.
  • The front wing is removed.
  • The rear wings are removed.
  • External components are eliminated, such as rear sight mirrors.
  • All suspension systems break.

Each is transported in its foam adaptation box or is protected in the air pillow movie.

When the car arrives on the track, it is still in this broken condition, and Formula 1 cars are completely rethought. You can't do it by chance, as engineers need to keep amazing and thin tolerances.

Cars need to be ready in less than four days.

Thursday before the race

Members of the senior administration of teams and the pilots will arrive in the city from Tuesday before the race and will organize the event.

The arrival date is informed by advertising activities for which people are reserved during the week.

On Thursday, drivers gather on the track and fulfill the task they probably like: formal press conferences.

After the pandemic, drivers now interview in pairs.

Then drivers have formal informative sessions with the equipment where the car configuration is awake and the strategies that the equipment and drivers will use the weekend.

Drivers perform a route walk, look for new holes, cameras and brake trails and check the middle to see what they should attack and what can stay away.


Formula 1 preserved its popularity and even increased when almost all other racing series have recorded a decrease. There are several reasons, how the qualification for the main race works.

The six sessions culminating in the last meeting of the fourth -2 (or running race) remain interesting and exciting.


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